August 23rd – 30th 2015, Florence (Italy)
Marianne Michel, Université catholique de Louvain
The problem 53 of the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus deals with the computation of several areas included in one single triangle.
The problem begins with the figure of a triangle, including two partitioning internal lines, that is annotated with various measures written in black or red ink. Below the figure, a very succinct text of 13 lines lacks an introduction or conclusion and provides only 3 calculations that must be linked with the measures of the figure.
The purpose of this paper is to present a consistent and innovative reading restoring the aim of the entire problem.